The provisions to eliminate dual coverage for workers are similar in all U.S. agreements. Each of them establishes a basic rule regarding the location of the employment of a workforce. Under this basic « territorial rule, » a worker who would otherwise be covered by both the United States and a foreign regime is subject exclusively to the coverage laws of the country in which he or she works. Although some difficulties have arisen, notably with regard to the interpretation of certain provisions, the CARICOM agreement is an important instrument in a highly labour-intensive region and demonstrates the feasibility of multilateral agreements between non-industrial countries with low populations. The main shortcoming of the EU social security agreement remained the difficulty of exporting benefits to third countries. For example, a third country national should not have had his benefits exported by moving to a third country, probably his country of origin. However, from 13 December 2011, EU citizens working in the EU Social Security Agreement Member States will be entitled to the same coverage as EU citizens. The directive ensures that workers from third countries can collect their pensions if they return to their country of origin under the same conditions and at the same rates as nationals of the Member State concerned. However, Member States could apply restrictions to workers for less than six months.
For non-EU nationals who are allowed to attend school, family benefits could also be reduced. Member States will also be able to limit access to public services such as public housing to foreign workers in employment. In 1973, the Minister of Health, Education and Welfare, Caspar Weinberger, and his Italian counterpart signed the first U.S. totalization agreement. Although the Italian government quickly ratified the agreement as a treaty, Congress had not yet adopted an approval status; That is why the United States has not been able to implement the agreement. After much deliberation, in 1977 Congress passed amendments to the Social Security Act, which contained an approval status allowing the agreement with Italy to enter into force.12 Those who wish to know more about the U.S. Social Security Totalization Program – including details of some existing agreements – should write: the goal of all U.S. totalization agreements is to eliminate dual security and taxation. , while covering so many people. , as far as possible.
the system in the country where they probably have the most connections, both at work and after retirement.