The Arab Mashreq Road Network is an international road network between the main Arab Mashreq countries (Syria, Iraq, Jordan, Palestine, Lebanon, Kuwait, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Qatar, Vae Vae, Oman and Yemen). In addition, part of the network runs through Israel, which is not a party to the agreement it created, as well as non-Arab parts of the region. The Arab Mashreq International Railway is a planned railway network in the Mashriq, located in West Asia and East Africa, in the eastern part of the Arab world.  The planned network includes north-south and east-west axes and 16 different routes for a distance of 19500 kilometers. The plan is ambitious; 60% of the lines are not yet built and some parts of the existing railway infrastructure are weak or have track deviations;   Some states may not be able to make significant investments in infrastructure. Like the European TEN-T network, the agreement provides for a family of high-priority international routes, instead of defining service details or awarding contracts to operators. Jordan joined OTIF in August 2010 and plans to become a hub for international rail transport.  In 2011-2014, the Jordanian Ministry of Transport plans to invest €2.6 billion in railway infrastructure connected to the Arab Mashreq International Rail Network.  The network is the result of the 2001 Convention on the International Routes of the Arab Mashreq, a UN multilateral treaty that entered into force in 2003 and was ratified by 13 of the 14 countries (with the exception of Israel). The Convention on International Railways in the Arab Mashreq was adopted on 17 April 2003.   It occurred on the 23rd Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria ratified it on 1 May 2005.
In July 2016, it was ratified by 12 states: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, the State of Palestine, Sudan, Syria, the United Arab Emirates and Yemen. The railway network is built on 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1/2) standard gauge and gauge UIC/B.  Other intercontinental motorway systems: Asian motorway network, international road network online and trans-African motorway network. . . .