Today, ART evolves in a way that goes beyond existing multilateral rules. The areas they cover – investment, capital and passenger movements, competition and state-owned enterprises, e-commerce, anti-corruption and intellectual property rights – are key policy issues that need to be addressed in today`s more interconnected markets. Mega-regional initiatives are of a whole new magnitude, offering preferential access to member countries` markets by trying to conclude 21st century trade agreements with deep and full market integration. WTO members are allowed to enter into research agreements under certain conditions, which are set out in three sets of rules. These rules concern the formation and operation of customs unions and free trade areas for trade in goods (Article XXIV of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994), regional or global arrangements for the movement of goods among developing countries (enabling clause) and agreements on trade in services (Article V of the General Agreement on Trade in Services). In general, RTAs should essentially cover all trade – unless they are subject to the enabling clause – and help trade between RTA countries to move more freely without establishing barriers to trade with the outside world. Report on the Treatment of Medical Devices in Regional Trade Agreements (TAs) Since December 2006, all RAs have been subject to the provisions and procedures of the Transparency Mechanism for Regional Trade Agreements. If made effective, they can improve political cooperation between countries, thereby increasing international trade and investment, economic growth and social prosperity. Studies by the World Bank Group show that the debate on the impact of NAFTA on signatory countries continues […].